Chair of Solid-State and Quantum Chemistry
Welcome to the Chair of Solid-State and Quantum Chemistry at RWTH Aachen University, Europe's largest Technical University dating back to the year 1870. The following pages are intended to offer you a short overview of our research and teaching activities in the fields of solid-state and quantum chemistry. If you are interested in these exciting chemical disciplines, you have come to the right place. Stay with us! Don't go away!
HOT: attractive Pb(II)−Pb(II) interactions in a ternary nitridosilicate
Due to the weak oxidative force of nitrogen, nitrides are only typically formed with the less electronegative metals. Pb2Si5N8 is the first nitridosilicate containing highly electron-affine cations of a metal from the right side of the Zintl border. By using advanced synchrotron XRD, the crystal structure was determined from a tiny single crystal, revealing a significantly different bonding situation compared to all other nitridosilicates known so far. Indeed, DFT calculations confirm distinct amounts of covalency not only between Pb and N but also between formal Pb2+ cations. Thus, unprecedented cationic Pb2 dumbbells with a stretching vibration at 117 cm−1 were found in this ternary lead nitride, stabilized by high amounts of covalency.
HOT: Synthesis and crystal structures of alpha indium sesquioxide
In2Se3 has been known for over 100 years and recently attracted interest for a variety of applications, such as solar cells, photodiodes, and phase-change memories. Despite the broad concern for possible uses, its polymorphism and structure are poorly characterized. By combining XRD, TEM, and quantum-chemical calculations, we here present the crystal structures of two layered room-temperature polytypes: 3R and 2H In2Se3. Both polymorphs are stacking variants of the same Se–In–Se–In–Se layers comprising two coordination environments for In, one tetrahedral and one octahedral. By using chemical-bonding analysis, we look at the different In positions in αlpha In2Se3 and compare them to the metastable beta phase.
Here's the message: We honestly believe that solid-state chemistry is one of the most exciting chemical disciplines. This fundamental brand of the chemical sciences brings us into contact with a large part of the "real world" surrounding us, and a creative solid-state chemist is in true command of the entire periodic table when he or she decides to make new compounds with often unforeseeable but exciting physical properties. Solid-state chemistry is truly interdisciplinary and borders with solid-state physics, crystallography, quantum theory, metal science, and inorganic chemistry, to name but a few; also, it is one of the rock-solid platforms on which the increasingly popular fields of nanoscience and nanomaterials may be built.
Some of the breathtaking technological advances of the 20th, and also the early 21st century, would have been totally impossible without the fundamental research originating within solid-state chemistry, for example cleverly designed insulators such as dielectric ceramics for data transmission, novel ionic conductors for energy storage in hand-held electrical devices, magnetic intermetallics and oxides for data storage applications, advanced nitrides for electro-optical and diverse mechanical purposes, and also superconductors for energy transport and communication applications. In addition, there is also curiosity-driven research in solid-state chemistry, touching upon chemical systems you probably have never heard of. Interested? Read more about our research to become addicted...
No research today? The teaching section is intended to inform chemistry (and other) students about the various chemistry courses offered by this chair at the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry.
Computational chemistry is an ingenious, non-experimental way to solve chemical problems by means of sheer computation on the basis of hard-core numerical methods (which are typically quantum-chemical in nature), and this approach has become an increasingly important part of the chemical sciences. Our group specializes in the quantum chemistry of solids (well, that's not too surprising) and we surely know how to solve Schrödinger's equation for periodic systems. In fact, there has been huge progress in properly describing the whole universe of solid-state materials (insulators, semiconductors, metals, and intermetallic compounds) by electronic-structure theory; in addition, predictive conclusions are now in our own hands.
While the numerical methods of ours include very different quantum-chemical tools, their varying levels of accuracy and speed are due to differences in the atomic potentials and the choice of the basis sets involved. The latter may either be totally delocalized (plane waves) or localized (atomic-like), adapted to the valence electrons only (pseudopotentials) or to all the electrons. In order to understand structures and compositions, the results of electronic-structure theory are investigated in terms of further quantum-chemical bonding analyses. There are also cases where one would like to know more about the dynamical behavior of the various atoms, and then the time evolution of their spatial coordinates (that is, their "trajectories") must be calculated as a function of the macroscopic temperature, for example by molecular-dynamics approaches. Go to our research section to learn more about theory and computation. It's fun!
Although the history of Aachen reaches back to Roman times about 2,000 (and more) years ago, RWTH Aachen University is relatively young for European (not American) standards since it was founded at the end of the 19th century, at the peak of the industrial revolution. Today, RWTH Aachen University is Europe's largest technical university with very famous engineering schools, and its national as well as international reputation also goes back, in part, to its chemistry division. Find out more about our location and our laboratories. If you come from outer space, you may prefer to have a look at our institute from the sky using Google Earth (see top of page).